Jan 13, 2016

An expert in policy advocacy and coalition building, Chaer has dedicated her career to helping people meet their basic needs and expanding economic opportunity. She serves on the executive committee of the All Families Deserve a Chance (AFDC) coalition. Staff page ›

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CCLP’s 2024 legislative wrap-up, part 1

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Legislative and Policy Preview 2016: Family Economic Security

by | Jan 13, 2016

This year, the Colorado Center on Law and Policy is developing and supporting a number of bills to ensure that Coloradans have a stake in building an economy and human services system that create economic security. We are also collaborating with partners and coalitions to identify and develop non-legislative policy that will make a difference to those we serve.

Below is CCLP’s legislative and policy agenda for 2016:

Legislation from CCLP and our partners
Re-entry to employment for Coloradans with criminal records — After incarceration, we expect people to work, pay restitution and support their families. Unfortunately, many Coloradans experience unemployment, food insecurity and housing instability as a collateral consequence of having a criminal record. By inhibiting re-entry into the workforce and limiting one’s ability to earn an income, these obstacles often affect entire families, thereby fueling both poverty and recidivism rates.

To address this problem, CCLP is spearheading a legislative campaign which will provide new economic opportunities to individuals and families who encounter barriers to employment. We are developing legislation, sponsored by Rep. Beth McCann, D-Denver, to address preliminary obstacles to employment by expanding “Ban the Box” laws that prohibit most employers from asking about criminal records on preliminary job applications. The bill has garnered support from a diverse coalition that includes 45 different nonprofits, faith-based organizations, labor groups and businesses.

Increase availability of affordable housingSince 2007, the average rent in Colorado has increased by 21 percent while income for the median renter household has only increased by 1.1 percent. CCLP championed a bill in the 2015 legislative session to increase funding for affordable housing and leverage existing tax credit and loan funds to allow creation of more housing (House Bill 1384). With the affordable-housing problem only getting worse, CCLP plans to revive the legislation in 2016. The bill would dedicate one-third of the available balance of the state’s unclaimed property trust fund for five years to increase access to affordable housing. For fiscal year 2016-17, an estimated $25 million from the unclaimed property fund would be dedicated to affordable housing if the bill is signed into law. The funds will support programs that provide rental assistance, promote construction, acquisition, rehabilitation of rental housing and facilitate home ownership for low-income households.

Childcare for education and training  — Young children whose parents’ education and income level is low are more likely to fall behind in school themselves. If Colorado wants successful kids, we need to address the education and training needs of their parents. A lack of available and affordable childcare can limit a parent’s progress toward educational goals and consequently impair their ability to improve their family’s income and move out of poverty.

To address the problem, CCLP proposed (and the Early Childhood and School Readiness Commission approved for introduction) a bill to establish a task force that would evaluate how state agencies could coordinate the childcare needs of low-income parents who wish to advance their education. Members of the task force would include various state agencies, counties, representatives of organizations that serve parents who have sought or completed education and training. Two other bills from the Early Childhood and School Readiness Commission were approved by Legislative Council and will likely be introduced this session. One bill, proposed by the Colorado Fiscal Institute, would remove the requirement that Congress pass legislation to tax Internet sales to trigger payment of the State Child Tax Credit for low- and moderate-income families with children under age six.

Another bill, championed by the Bell Policy Center, would expand the current pilot study to address the “cliff effect” in childcare subsidies. The study looks at how to taper the required parental fee for subsidized care as income increases to avoid sudden (and substantial) hikes in childcare costs. CCLP also supports legislation that will waive the requirement for parents and victims of domestic violence to name the father in order to receive support in childcare assistance programs.

Funds to secure identification cards — Last year, CCLP was successful in securing a $300,000 budget appropriation to assist low-income individuals who did not have the money to purchase the underlying documents needed to obtain a Colorado identification card. An ID is necessary for virtually every aspect of life, including renting an apartment, securing a job. This year, CCLP hopes to make that $300,000 appropriation permanent.

Non-legislative advocacy work, research and projects
Employment and training for homeless Coloradans  — Many Coloradans become homeless after losing a job because it’s nearly impossible to pay rent without sufficient income and savings. To further complicate matters, it’s much more difficult to search for employment without stable housing. In metro Denver, over 30 percent of those experiencing homelessness have worked in the past month. But in today’s economy, the reliability and consistency of work hours may vary — particularly for those with the lowest-wage jobs. Thanks to the generous support of the Butler Family Fund, CCLP will undertake a major initiative to advocate for specific provisions in the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) State Implementation Plan to better serve those who have recently experienced homelessness. Approved by Congress and President Obama in 2014, the new Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act requires that those with barriers to employment — including the homeless — receive priority for services. CCLP will then take its advocacy a step farther by addressing the employment and training needs of homeless Coloradans at the regional and workforce-center level.

Improved consumer information for students of for-profit schools and training programs — By 2020, it is projected that 74 percent of all jobs in Colorado will require some level of post-secondary training. Analysts estimate that Colorado will need to increase post-secondary credential production by about 2 percent or about 1,000 additional certifications annually to meet workforce needs. For-profit occupational schools are an important part of the post-secondary education landscape. However, these programs tend to be more expensive than community colleges, often are less likely to lead to gainful employment and frequently result in higher debt loads and student loan default rates. Nationally, the surge in student loan defaults in the last decade was largely concentrated among relatively older, low-income students who attended for-profit colleges according to recent analysis by the Brookings Institution. Given this context, it’s important that students and their families have the best information available so they can make informed decisions about what types of training to pursue and what programs will prepare them for gainful employment. This includes accessible information on completion rates, total costs, estimated debt load and average starting salaries for students. CCLP is developing strategies for improving the availability of better consumer information for these types of schools.

Collaboration to improve participation in safety net programs — Together with Hunger Free Colorado, CCLP is working on strategies to streamline access to core safety net programs available to low-income Coloradans (e.g., Medicaid, SNAP, WIC and TANF). Five other states are participating in this effort. While Colorado has outperformed other states when it comes to Medicaid access, SNAP and WIC participation lag national averages. Colorado ranks near the bottom in terms of SNAP access, with an estimated 43 percent of the eligible population not enrolled in the program. Through administrative advocacy and public will building, CCLP and Hunger Free are working to improve SNAP and WIC access, with an eye for other programs that tend to not reach the entirety of the population they aim to serve.

Raising the wage in Colorado  — Low-wage workers are falling farther behind and working full-time at minimum wage is not enough to support the basic cost of living in most Colorado communities. Over time, the value of the minimum wage has eroded and the wage gap between minimum wage workers and the average wage earner has grown significantly. Today, at $8.31 per hour, a minimum wage worker in Colorado only makes about one-third of the average wage. Working full-time year round for minimum wage totals only $17,290 in annual income—that is only slightly above the poverty line for a family of two and below the poverty line for a family of three. CCLP is working in collaboration with many other organizations to raise the minimum wage in Colorado.

— By Chaer Robert

Recent articles

CCLP’s 2024 legislative wrap-up, part 2

CCLP's 2024 legislative wrap-up focused on expanding access to justice, removing administrative burden, supporting progressive tax and wage policies, preserving affordable communities, and reducing health care costs. Part 2/2.

CCLP’s 2024 legislative wrap-up, part 1

CCLP's 2024 legislative wrap-up focused on expanding access to justice, removing administrative burden, supporting progressive tax and wage policies, preserving affordable communities, and reducing health care costs.

CCLP testifies in support of Clean Slate updates

Bethany Pray, CCLP’s Chief Legal and Policy Officer, provided testimony in support of House Bill 24-1133, Criminal Record Sealing & Expungement Changes. CCLP is in support of HB24-1133, as it is one of our priority bills.

HEALTH:
HEALTH FIRST COLORADO (MEDICAID)

To maintain health and well-being, people of all ages need access to quality health care that improves outcomes and reduces costs for the community. Health First Colorado, the state's Medicaid program, is public health insurance for low-income Coloradans who qualify. The program is funded jointly by a federal-state partnership and is administered by the Colorado Department of Health Care Policy & Financing.

Benefits of the program include behavioral health, dental services, emergency care, family planning services, hospitalization, laboratory services, maternity care, newborn care, outpatient care, prescription drugs, preventive and wellness services, primary care and rehabilitative services.

In tandem with the Affordable Care Act, Colorado expanded Medicaid eligibility in 2013 - providing hundreds of thousands of adults with incomes less than 133% FPL with health insurance for the first time increasing the health and economic well-being of these Coloradans. Most of the money for newly eligible Medicaid clients has been covered by the federal government, which will gradually decrease its contribution to 90% by 2020.

Other populations eligible for Medicaid include children, who qualify with income up to 142% FPL, pregnant women with household income under 195% FPL, and adults with dependent children with household income under 68% FPL.

Some analyses indicate that Colorado's investment in Medicaid will pay off in the long run by reducing spending on programs for the uninsured.

FOOD SECURITY:
SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (SNAP)

Hunger, though often invisible, affects everyone. It impacts people's physical, mental and emotional health and can be a culprit of obesity, depression, acute and chronic illnesses and other preventable medical conditions. Hunger also hinders education and productivity, not only stunting a child's overall well-being and academic achievement, but consuming an adult's ability to be a focused, industrious member of society. Even those who have never worried about having enough food experience the ripple effects of hunger, which seeps into our communities and erodes our state's economy.

Community resources like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as Food Stamps, exist to ensure that families and individuals can purchase groceries, with the average benefit being about $1.40 per meal, per person.

Funding for SNAP comes from the USDA, but the administrative costs are split between local, state, and federal governments. Yet, the lack of investment in a strong, effective SNAP program impedes Colorado's progress in becoming the healthiest state in the nation and providing a better, brighter future for all. Indeed, Colorado ranks 44th in the nation for access to SNAP and lost out on more than $261 million in grocery sales due to a large access gap in SNAP enrollment.

See the Food Assistance (SNAP) Benefit Calculator to get an estimate of your eligibility for food benefits.

FOOD SECURITY:
SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION PROGRAM FOR WOMEN, INFANTS AND CHILDREN (WIC)

Every child deserves the nutritional resources needed to get a healthy start on life both inside and outside the mother's womb. In particular, good nutrition and health care is critical for establishing a strong foundation that could affect a child's future physical and mental health, academic achievement and economic productivity. Likewise, the inability to access good nutrition and health care endangers the very integrity of that foundation.

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) provides federal grants to states for supplemental foods, health care referrals, and nutrition information for low-income pregnant, breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding postpartum women and to infants and children up to age five who are found to be at nutritional risk.

Research has shown that WIC has played an important role in improving birth outcomes and containing health care costs, resulting in longer pregnancies, fewer infant deaths, a greater likelihood of receiving prenatal care, improved infant-feeding practices, and immunization rates

Financial Security:
Colorado Works

In building a foundation for self-sufficiency, some Colorado families need some extra tools to ensure they can weather challenging financial circumstances and obtain basic resources to help them and their communities reach their potential.

Colorado Works is Colorado's Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and provides public assistance to families in need. The Colorado Works program is designed to assist participants in becoming self-sufficient by strengthening the economic and social stability of families. The program provides monthly cash assistance and support services to eligible Colorado families.

The program is primarily funded by a federal block grant to the state. Counties also contribute about 20% of the cost.

EARLY LEARNING:
COLORADO CHILD CARE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (CCCAP)

Child care is a must for working families. Along with ensuring that parents can work or obtain job skills training to improve their families' economic security, studies show that quality child care improves children's academic performance, career development and health outcomes.

Yet despite these proven benefits, low-income families often struggle with the cost of child care. Colorado ranks among the top 10 most expensive states in the country for center-based child care. For families with an infant, full-time enrollment at a child care center cost an average of $15,140 a year-or about three-quarters of the total income of a family of three living at the Federal Poverty Level (FPL).

The Colorado Child Care Assistance Program (CCCAP) provides child care assistance to parents who are working, searching for employment or participating in training, and parents who are enrolled in the Colorado Works Program and need child care services to support their efforts toward self-sufficiency. Most of the money for CCCAP comes from the federal Child Care and Development Fund. Each county can set their own income eligibility limit as long as it is at or above 165% of the federal poverty level and does not exceed 85% of area median income.

Unfortunately, while the need is growing, only an estimated one-quarter of all eligible children in the state are served by CCCAP. Low reimbursement rates have also resulted in fewer providers willing to accept CCCAP subsidies.