Apr 10, 2024

Charles serves as CCLP's Income and Housing Policy Director using data and research to support our efforts to stand with diverse communities across Colorado in the fight against poverty. Staff page ›

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CCLP testifies in support of updating protections for mobile home park residents

by | Apr 10, 2024

On Tuesday, March 19, 2024, Charles Brennan, CCLP’s Income and Housing Policy Director, provided testimony to the House Transportation, Housing & Local Government Committee in support of House Bill 24-1294, Mobile Homes in Mobile Home Parks. CCLP is in support of HB24-1294.


Madam Chair and members of the committee,

My name is Charles Brennan and I serve as the Director of Income and Housing Policy for the Colorado Center on Law and Policy, a non-profit organization dedicated to the vision that every Coloradan should have what they need to succeed. I am here today to speak in support of HB24-1294, which strengthens legal protections for residents of mobile home parks. Despite recent updates, we still see mobile home park residents facing significant challenges in maintaining their rights and housing security. And this bill represents a crucial step forward in addressing these.

A key provision of HB24-1294 addresses language access, an area where the Mobile Home Park Act lacks consistency. Some notices must be in English and Spanish, while others are not. This lack of uniformity presents challenges to residents, but also park owners who must remember which notices they are required to provide and in what languages.

Why does this matter? Using data from the 2022 American Community Survey, we estimate approximately 7% of households living in mobile home parks were “linguistically isolated,” compared to 2.4% of households statewide. Additionally, 18.1% of adults living in mobile home parks spoke English less than very well, again compared to just 5.9% of adults in Colorado.[1] This concentration of limited English proficient persons underscores the critical need for language access services in mobile home parks. Not only is there a higher share of individuals likely to need these services living in mobile home parks, the need by limited English proficient tenants is likely to be ongoing and continuous for the duration of the tenancy—not a one-off need.

It is also relevant to consider the importance of the document or service being provided in another language—as not all communications between a landlord and a mobile home park resident are equally important. As such, only notices required by the Mobile Home Park Act, the lease agreement, and the park rules are required to be provided in languages other than English. These are notices and documents where a misunderstanding can have dire consequences for residents, including eviction or health risks.

While implementing these requirements will create additional costs for park owners, we feel these costs are reasonable, for reasons already stated. We also feel that costs must be considered in combination with the benefits to landlords from improved communication and reduced potential for conflicts that might arise from a resident misunderstanding their rights and responsibilities. By investing in language access, we can prevent costly disputes and foster more inclusive mobile home park communities across Colorado. Advancements in technology make translation and interpretation services more accessible and cost-effective than ever before. Online options offer landlords with a range of choices to support the needs of their residents.

In conclusion, HB24-1294 represents a critical opportunity to improve the lives of Coloradans living in mobile home parks. Language access is just one way the bill will do this, and we’re excited about the other changes the bill would bring to the Mobile Home Park Act. We urge you to vote in support of the bill and happy to answer any questions you may have. Thank you!


Charles Brennan
Income and Housing Policy Director
Colorado Center on Law and Policy


Update 5/6/2024:  HB24-1294 passed the House and Senate and is onto signatures!


[1] https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/methodology/design_and_methodology/2022/acs_design_methodology_report_2022.pdf

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Bethany Pray, CCLP’s Chief Legal and Policy Officer, provided testimony in support of House Bill 24-1133, Criminal Record Sealing & Expungement Changes. CCLP is in support of HB24-1133, as it is one of our priority bills.

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CCLP's Emeritus Advisor, Chaer Robert, provided written testimony in support of the CDHS rule on the COLA increase for TANF recipients. If the rule is adopted, the cost of living increase would go into effect on July 1, 2024.


To maintain health and well-being, people of all ages need access to quality health care that improves outcomes and reduces costs for the community. Health First Colorado, the state's Medicaid program, is public health insurance for low-income Coloradans who qualify. The program is funded jointly by a federal-state partnership and is administered by the Colorado Department of Health Care Policy & Financing.

Benefits of the program include behavioral health, dental services, emergency care, family planning services, hospitalization, laboratory services, maternity care, newborn care, outpatient care, prescription drugs, preventive and wellness services, primary care and rehabilitative services.

In tandem with the Affordable Care Act, Colorado expanded Medicaid eligibility in 2013 - providing hundreds of thousands of adults with incomes less than 133% FPL with health insurance for the first time increasing the health and economic well-being of these Coloradans. Most of the money for newly eligible Medicaid clients has been covered by the federal government, which will gradually decrease its contribution to 90% by 2020.

Other populations eligible for Medicaid include children, who qualify with income up to 142% FPL, pregnant women with household income under 195% FPL, and adults with dependent children with household income under 68% FPL.

Some analyses indicate that Colorado's investment in Medicaid will pay off in the long run by reducing spending on programs for the uninsured.


Hunger, though often invisible, affects everyone. It impacts people's physical, mental and emotional health and can be a culprit of obesity, depression, acute and chronic illnesses and other preventable medical conditions. Hunger also hinders education and productivity, not only stunting a child's overall well-being and academic achievement, but consuming an adult's ability to be a focused, industrious member of society. Even those who have never worried about having enough food experience the ripple effects of hunger, which seeps into our communities and erodes our state's economy.

Community resources like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as Food Stamps, exist to ensure that families and individuals can purchase groceries, with the average benefit being about $1.40 per meal, per person.

Funding for SNAP comes from the USDA, but the administrative costs are split between local, state, and federal governments. Yet, the lack of investment in a strong, effective SNAP program impedes Colorado's progress in becoming the healthiest state in the nation and providing a better, brighter future for all. Indeed, Colorado ranks 44th in the nation for access to SNAP and lost out on more than $261 million in grocery sales due to a large access gap in SNAP enrollment.

See the Food Assistance (SNAP) Benefit Calculator to get an estimate of your eligibility for food benefits.


Every child deserves the nutritional resources needed to get a healthy start on life both inside and outside the mother's womb. In particular, good nutrition and health care is critical for establishing a strong foundation that could affect a child's future physical and mental health, academic achievement and economic productivity. Likewise, the inability to access good nutrition and health care endangers the very integrity of that foundation.

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) provides federal grants to states for supplemental foods, health care referrals, and nutrition information for low-income pregnant, breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding postpartum women and to infants and children up to age five who are found to be at nutritional risk.

Research has shown that WIC has played an important role in improving birth outcomes and containing health care costs, resulting in longer pregnancies, fewer infant deaths, a greater likelihood of receiving prenatal care, improved infant-feeding practices, and immunization rates

Financial Security:
Colorado Works

In building a foundation for self-sufficiency, some Colorado families need some extra tools to ensure they can weather challenging financial circumstances and obtain basic resources to help them and their communities reach their potential.

Colorado Works is Colorado's Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and provides public assistance to families in need. The Colorado Works program is designed to assist participants in becoming self-sufficient by strengthening the economic and social stability of families. The program provides monthly cash assistance and support services to eligible Colorado families.

The program is primarily funded by a federal block grant to the state. Counties also contribute about 20% of the cost.


Child care is a must for working families. Along with ensuring that parents can work or obtain job skills training to improve their families' economic security, studies show that quality child care improves children's academic performance, career development and health outcomes.

Yet despite these proven benefits, low-income families often struggle with the cost of child care. Colorado ranks among the top 10 most expensive states in the country for center-based child care. For families with an infant, full-time enrollment at a child care center cost an average of $15,140 a year-or about three-quarters of the total income of a family of three living at the Federal Poverty Level (FPL).

The Colorado Child Care Assistance Program (CCCAP) provides child care assistance to parents who are working, searching for employment or participating in training, and parents who are enrolled in the Colorado Works Program and need child care services to support their efforts toward self-sufficiency. Most of the money for CCCAP comes from the federal Child Care and Development Fund. Each county can set their own income eligibility limit as long as it is at or above 165% of the federal poverty level and does not exceed 85% of area median income.

Unfortunately, while the need is growing, only an estimated one-quarter of all eligible children in the state are served by CCCAP. Low reimbursement rates have also resulted in fewer providers willing to accept CCCAP subsidies.