May 22, 2019

Recent articles

CCLP testifies in support of Clean Slate updates

Bethany Pray, CCLP’s Chief Legal and Policy Officer, provided testimony in support of House Bill 24-1133, Criminal Record Sealing & Expungement Changes. CCLP is in support of HB24-1133, as it is one of our priority bills.

CCLP testifies in support of TANF grant rule change

CCLP's Emeritus Advisor, Chaer Robert, provided written testimony in support of the CDHS rule on the COLA increase for TANF recipients. If the rule is adopted, the cost of living increase would go into effect on July 1, 2024.

Parting Thoughts on Advocacy and Economic Justice in Colorado

by | May 22, 2019

Note: During a May 10 Legislative Wrap-Up event, Claire Levy talked about the role of advocacy in her last public appearance as Executive Director of Colorado Center on Law & Policy. What follows are excerpts from the speech.

I want to use this time to reflect a bit on how we’ve evolved during my time at the helm and also to talk about the work that lies ahead for all of us – regardless of the position we hold in life.

CCLP has strong sense of mission. We always hark back to why we were created and our unique niche in the advocacy ecosystem. But even with that, we have to adapt. It’s always necessary to be asking ourselves whether we are focusing on the right issues.

Every advocacy organization refines the issues on which it works from year-to-year. But sometimes, we have to do some deep thinking about whether — within the scope of our mission and vision — we are getting at the right stuff.

For CCLP, that has meant looking at what is really getting in the way of advancing the health, well-being and economic security of low-income Coloradans. We had full agendas for access to health care and policies to improve earning power of people in low-wage, low-skills jobs. We were addressing lack of work supports; primarily, child care.

But what had been missing from our work was any effort to address the most basic need of all – stable, affordable housing. We assumed that others had that covered, but then it turned out not to be the case.

The other component that was missing was that working in-and-of-itself could not provide economic security and well-being if wages are too low to support yourself and your family.

We produced our State of Working Colorado report year after year, in which we demonstrated that wages in the state were not recovering from the recession – even though the economy was supposedly thriving. But we didn’t have plans to address that problem head-on.

When it came down to it, all signs pointed to the need to raise the minimum wage – as daunting as it is to amend the constitution by a vote of the people. Hence, CCLP’s huge effort along with our partners SEIU and others on the campaign for Amendment 72 to increase the minimum wage in 2016. Examinations like this are necessary for organizations to maintain their relevance and their effectiveness.

I’d add one more issue to that roster: employment and housing for people re-entering society from the criminal justice system. Unfortunately, people of color are profoundly over-represented in the criminal justice system.

Society has relied on criminalization to address behaviors we don’t like that arise from deficiencies in social supports. That has meant incarcerating people who need mental health treatment and whose offenses arise from being homeless and from substance use disorders instead of addressing those issues by providing treatment and services. But having criminalized the behavior and meted out a sentence, the criminal justice system ignored entirely what happened next. Ninety-seven percent of people in jail or prison return to our communities, but they are largely on their own to sink or swim, and at least half of them are sinking. Many of them have children to support. Many have lost their family connections and social supports. While legislators have been adept at creating new offenses, until recently they utterly failed to provide adequate genuine support to people after they’ve paid their so-called “debt” to society.

Given the extensive effect of mass incarceration on economic opportunity and productivity, CCLP couldn’t ignore re-entry issues. Hence, the addition of limited reentry issues to our work plans.

But we can’t take on all the issues and right all the wrongs. We have to be strategic. So there are core principles we use to filter what we do:

  • Build on our strengths through staff expertise, legal and regulatory advocacy, leading through coalitions.
  • Stay true to our target population, which is people with the lowest-income; those who do not have another voice and who are not “popular” with legislators.
  • Don’t duplicate efforts of others, but do partner and support in order to amplify the work of other organizations.
  • Be authentic – be true to our voice. Some have accused me of being stodgy in the language I allow us to use and the memes by which we communicate, but we are a serious organization doing serious work (and producing serious results).

My successor will chart CCLP’s course from here. But through our Pathways speakers and through some of my remarks in other forums, I have been raising the racial wealth divide as perhaps the seminal problem of our time. It isn’t the only issue by a long shot, but the lack of family assets on which people of color can draw to create a foundation for their children’s future, and the way in which that lack of assets reinforces poverty and perpetuates lack of opportunity, is probably the strongest force holding back Latino, black and Native people.

Likewise, the availability of assets, whether earned or inherited, is the invisible underpinning for the success of the vast majority of white people. Even if those assets were earned, the means by which to create that asset, came from a legacy of advantage simply from being white.

Many of the solutions to this divide can only be addressed at the federal level. They result from discriminatory federal programs and vast tax giveaways to homeowners. But advocates working at all levels must call it out so that the call to address it becomes as common place as the call for universal access to health care is now.

Still, we need to examine what is fundamentally wrong? What underlies the very existence of poverty? Why do we have poverty and disparities in income and opportunity?

The answers are not all that complicated: The rules of our economy and our cultural history foster inequality. They perpetuate it. Our society largely accepts the existence of poverty, homelessness, hunger, dead-ends for “certain” people.

Why isn’t there community-wide outrage over the fact that thousands of people are living in doorways, on park benches and river banks? Why are neighborhoods without resources, working streetlights, grocery stores and jobs tolerated? Why isn’t every last person demanding that all schools in Colorado have nice buildings and good equipment and dedicated teachers? Why aren’t people in the streets demanding a decent life in return for a hard day’s work?

I just finished reading John Steinbeck’s “The Grapes of Wrath,” a great American novel about destitute people during the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl. Steinbeck wrote about corporate ownership of land and agriculture; a system that allowed some to increase wealth by stripping others of their wealth. He wrote about people that “have” seeking to exclude those that “have not.” He wrote about othering “Okies” — just as all immigrants before and after have been shunned. Throughout the novel, there are eloquent passages about concentration of wealth and about lack of bargaining power for labor owing to their extreme vulnerability

We have the same situation now. Ian Haney Lopez wrote about dog-whistle politics – race-baiting so that white people wouldn’t support the public benefit programs from which they themselves could benefit.

This tactic succeeded by creating the notion of poor people as undeserving; as having created their own problems through poor choices or character flaws. Everyone is let off the hook for solving the problem if people without financial resources are at fault rather than the system.

Nancy McLean wrote in “Democracy in Chains” about the decades-long effort to change people’s ideas about how the economy works and about what justice and due process are. Together, these efforts have engrained the notion that taxes and governmental services should basically be a fee-for-service proposition. We cannot tolerate that. In the end, we’ll all go down together.

If I were to describe a country in which school buildings are crumbling, people can barely keep a roof over their head, there are rampant chronic diseases because people don’t have access to nutritious food, cannot afford medical treatment and cannot find jobs that pay enough to support a family, you might think I was describing a developing country. But that’s the kind of robber-baron country the United States has become because of what is fundamentally a libertarian approach to government.

I have said this before, but it bears repeating until we actually do it: We have to change the narrative. We all need to work together to create a new cultural common sense so that there is widespread acceptance of the notion that there should be rules in our economy so people are paid fairly for their labor, everyone pays their fair share of taxes, nobody lives a life without basic human dignity, and businesses can’t rip people off and get away with it. More fundamentally, we need to re-dedicate ourselves to the notion that we all are part of a social contract.

We owe things to one another and are owed things by others so that we all rise and fall together.

Recent articles

CCLP testifies in support of Clean Slate updates

Bethany Pray, CCLP’s Chief Legal and Policy Officer, provided testimony in support of House Bill 24-1133, Criminal Record Sealing & Expungement Changes. CCLP is in support of HB24-1133, as it is one of our priority bills.

CCLP testifies in support of TANF grant rule change

CCLP's Emeritus Advisor, Chaer Robert, provided written testimony in support of the CDHS rule on the COLA increase for TANF recipients. If the rule is adopted, the cost of living increase would go into effect on July 1, 2024.


To maintain health and well-being, people of all ages need access to quality health care that improves outcomes and reduces costs for the community. Health First Colorado, the state's Medicaid program, is public health insurance for low-income Coloradans who qualify. The program is funded jointly by a federal-state partnership and is administered by the Colorado Department of Health Care Policy & Financing.

Benefits of the program include behavioral health, dental services, emergency care, family planning services, hospitalization, laboratory services, maternity care, newborn care, outpatient care, prescription drugs, preventive and wellness services, primary care and rehabilitative services.

In tandem with the Affordable Care Act, Colorado expanded Medicaid eligibility in 2013 - providing hundreds of thousands of adults with incomes less than 133% FPL with health insurance for the first time increasing the health and economic well-being of these Coloradans. Most of the money for newly eligible Medicaid clients has been covered by the federal government, which will gradually decrease its contribution to 90% by 2020.

Other populations eligible for Medicaid include children, who qualify with income up to 142% FPL, pregnant women with household income under 195% FPL, and adults with dependent children with household income under 68% FPL.

Some analyses indicate that Colorado's investment in Medicaid will pay off in the long run by reducing spending on programs for the uninsured.


Hunger, though often invisible, affects everyone. It impacts people's physical, mental and emotional health and can be a culprit of obesity, depression, acute and chronic illnesses and other preventable medical conditions. Hunger also hinders education and productivity, not only stunting a child's overall well-being and academic achievement, but consuming an adult's ability to be a focused, industrious member of society. Even those who have never worried about having enough food experience the ripple effects of hunger, which seeps into our communities and erodes our state's economy.

Community resources like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as Food Stamps, exist to ensure that families and individuals can purchase groceries, with the average benefit being about $1.40 per meal, per person.

Funding for SNAP comes from the USDA, but the administrative costs are split between local, state, and federal governments. Yet, the lack of investment in a strong, effective SNAP program impedes Colorado's progress in becoming the healthiest state in the nation and providing a better, brighter future for all. Indeed, Colorado ranks 44th in the nation for access to SNAP and lost out on more than $261 million in grocery sales due to a large access gap in SNAP enrollment.

See the Food Assistance (SNAP) Benefit Calculator to get an estimate of your eligibility for food benefits.


Every child deserves the nutritional resources needed to get a healthy start on life both inside and outside the mother's womb. In particular, good nutrition and health care is critical for establishing a strong foundation that could affect a child's future physical and mental health, academic achievement and economic productivity. Likewise, the inability to access good nutrition and health care endangers the very integrity of that foundation.

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) provides federal grants to states for supplemental foods, health care referrals, and nutrition information for low-income pregnant, breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding postpartum women and to infants and children up to age five who are found to be at nutritional risk.

Research has shown that WIC has played an important role in improving birth outcomes and containing health care costs, resulting in longer pregnancies, fewer infant deaths, a greater likelihood of receiving prenatal care, improved infant-feeding practices, and immunization rates

Financial Security:
Colorado Works

In building a foundation for self-sufficiency, some Colorado families need some extra tools to ensure they can weather challenging financial circumstances and obtain basic resources to help them and their communities reach their potential.

Colorado Works is Colorado's Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and provides public assistance to families in need. The Colorado Works program is designed to assist participants in becoming self-sufficient by strengthening the economic and social stability of families. The program provides monthly cash assistance and support services to eligible Colorado families.

The program is primarily funded by a federal block grant to the state. Counties also contribute about 20% of the cost.


Child care is a must for working families. Along with ensuring that parents can work or obtain job skills training to improve their families' economic security, studies show that quality child care improves children's academic performance, career development and health outcomes.

Yet despite these proven benefits, low-income families often struggle with the cost of child care. Colorado ranks among the top 10 most expensive states in the country for center-based child care. For families with an infant, full-time enrollment at a child care center cost an average of $15,140 a year-or about three-quarters of the total income of a family of three living at the Federal Poverty Level (FPL).

The Colorado Child Care Assistance Program (CCCAP) provides child care assistance to parents who are working, searching for employment or participating in training, and parents who are enrolled in the Colorado Works Program and need child care services to support their efforts toward self-sufficiency. Most of the money for CCCAP comes from the federal Child Care and Development Fund. Each county can set their own income eligibility limit as long as it is at or above 165% of the federal poverty level and does not exceed 85% of area median income.

Unfortunately, while the need is growing, only an estimated one-quarter of all eligible children in the state are served by CCCAP. Low reimbursement rates have also resulted in fewer providers willing to accept CCCAP subsidies.